Olvasott szöveg értése — Task 1

Angol emelt szintű érettségi, 2016. május

Read this text about the history of high heeled shoes and then read the sentences that follow.
For each number (1-6) choose the option (A-D) that best summarises the given paragraph.
If you make a mistake, please try again until you find the correct answer.

Why did men stop wearing high heels?

Even their most ardent fans wouldn't claim high heels were practical. They are not good for hiking or driving. They get stuck in things. And high heels don't tend to be very comfortable. It is almost as though they weren't designed for walking in.
Originally, they weren't. The high heel was worn for centuries throughout the Near East as a form of riding footwear. Good horsemanship was essential to the fighting styles of Persia – the historical name for modern-day Iran. When a soldier stood up in his stirrups, the heels helped him to secure his stance so that he could use his bow and arrow more effectively.
At the end of the 16th century, the Persian Shah was keen to forge links with rulers in Europe. So he sent a diplomatic mission to the courts of Russia, Germany and Spain. A wave of interest in all things Persian passed through Western Europe, and Persian-style shoes were enthusiastically adopted by aristocrats.
In the muddy streets of 17th century Europe, these new shoes had no utility value whatsoever – but that was the point. The upper classes have always used impractical, uncomfortable and luxurious clothing to announce their privileged status. Louis XIV of France, who stood 1.63m, supplemented his height by a further 10cm with heels.
The heels and soles were always red – the dye was expensive and carried a martial overtone. The fashion soon spread overseas – Charles II of England's coronation portrait of 1661 features him wearing a pair of enormous red, French-style heels – although he was over 1.85m to begin with.
In the 18th century the Enlightenment brought with it a new respect for the rational and useful, and men's fashion shifted towards more practical clothing. High heels came to be seen as foolish and effeminate. By 1740 men had stopped wearing them altogether.